Wallace Rayfield (Architecture, Alumnus)

The 16th Street Baptist Church, Birmingham, Alabama (1911)
(c) Kevin Fleming/CORBIS

The building, a national historic landmark, was among the most significant commissions for Rayfield, a prominent designer of African American churches and the second practicing African American architect in the United States. In 1963, the church was the target of a Ku Klux Klan bombing that killed four children. The tragedy drew national attention to the South's violent struggle for civil rights.